8th International conference on Energy and Sustainability
Energy and Sustainability 2019 is the 8th International Conference in a very successful series which started in the New Forest, UK, home of the Wessex Institute in 2007; followed by meetings in Bologna (2009); Alicante (2011); Budapest (2013); Kuala Lumpur (2014); Medellin, Colombia (2015); and Seville (2017).
The world’s economy is fuelled by energy. Depletion of resources and severe environmental effects resulting from the continuous use of fossil fuels has motivated an increasing amount of interest in renewable energy resources and the search for sustainable energy policies.
The changes required to progress from an economy mainly focussed on hydrocarbons to one taking advantage of sustainable renewable energy resources require considerable scientific research, as well as the development of new engineering systems. Energy policies and management are of primary importance to achieve the development of sustainability and need to be consistent with recent advances in energy production and distribution.
In many cases, the challenges lie as much in the conversion from renewable energies (wind, solar etc) to useful forms (electricity, heat, fuel) at an acceptable cost including damage to the environment as in the integration of these resources into the existing infrastructure.
The diverse topics covered by the Conference involve collaboration between different disciplines in order to arrive at optimum solutions, including studies of materials, energy networks, new energy resources, storage solutions, waste to energy systems, smart grids and many others.
Let’s change the way our world is powered by new solar energy solutions
Liter of Light is a special program managed by 4 travelers who are visiting different states of the US to increase awareness about sustainable development and introduce different soar light plants. They have successfully covered more of the area and hoping to take their project at a nationwide level. Here we have a little insight that will help you understand the Liter of Light properly.
Here are a few facts related to consumption of light around the world.
75% of the electricity generated around the world comes from the coal.
The rate of wholesale electricity is rapidly increasing.
In the last 5 years, the usage of solar hot water has trebled.
5% of the energy consumption comes from the renewable resources. The utilization of renewable energy is growing but there is still a need for more awareness.
The increased rate of production and usage of electricity is the reason that fossil fuels are rapidly depleting. Most of the turbines and hydropower plants are running on the engines that use coal as the source of energy. This is the reason there are chances that in the coming year all the reserves of coal will be depleted from the world that will make it hard to produce electricity. This is the reason authorities are increasing the rates of electricity to assure that it can help reduce consumption and save some of the fossil fuels for the future generation.
Liter of Light has installed more than 350,000 bottle lights in more than 15 countries
Increasing the rate of electricity is not the solution because the energy is still produced at the same rate that will create problems in the future. The only solution to this problem is the sustainable solar lighting. If we will start using the solar energy plants we will not have to worry about any issues related to depletion of sunlight because it is a renewable resource. As well as the energy produced can be stored and it will help to save the fossil fuels. Liter of light has made the mission to aware the public about the sustainable solar light, so they can move towards this reliable source of energy.
There are many different ways in which the solar energy solutions will help the society. First of all, it will help reduce the cost of electricity. The energy produced by solar plants will be much cheaper as compared to the energy that we are using in the present age. As well as it will help with the continuous supply of energy. You will not have to deal with any kind of shortage. The availability of sunlight will not stop, which means that you will not have to worry about saving the resources.
The sustainable energy is it so important, not only helpful for the society but also for the plant. The residual waste produced by the fossil fuels and coal is dangerous for our environment. When fossil fuels will not be used for the production of energy, no waste products will be produced that will help save the plant.
It is significant for us to participate in solar power solutions projects. It can help us protect our future and save our plant from the harmful effects of the fossil fuels.
As the price of installing solar has gotten less expensive, more homeowners are turning to it as a possible option for decreasing their energy bill. We want to make installing solar panels easy and understandable for anyone.
Project Sunroof puts Google’s expansive data in mapping and computing resources to use, helping calculate the best solar plan for you.
When you enter your address, Project Sunroof looks up your home in Google Maps and combines that information with other databases to create your personalized roof analysis. Don’t worry, Project Sunroof doesn’t give the address to anybody else.
Project of cooperative housing creation, combining the co-housing model with the principles of self-sustainability, energy efficiency and positive social impact. It is a community designed and created by its own residents, in which cooperation between them is encouraged, with an understanding of well-being.
Currently, the current community property system does not allow for cooperation between residents, especially if they have some kind of reduced mobility, which means that these people are very lonely. As we age, we become sedentary and lonely, causing depression, premature aging, and other illnesses caused by this cause.
In the 80’s a group of young people in Denmark get together to decide the community in which they want to live, from there co-housing is created, where a group of people plan their future from buying the land together, plotting it and creating basic and affordable housing, where they encourage co-living and solidarity.
Eco-housing Alicante is a housing cooperative project, combining the co-housing model with the principles of self-sustainability, energy efficiency and positive social impact.
It is a type of collaborative housing that tries to overcome the alignment produced by the compartmentalization of current housing, in which no one knows their neighbors and in which there is no sense of community.
These are modular single-family houses, of the passive solar type, using resources of the bio-climatic architecture combined with a much higher energy efficiency than traditional construction. These houses have very low energy consumption and offer a comfortable atmosphere all year round without the use of conventional heating. They would be designed as smart-houses, taking advantage of digital technologies at the service of the above-mentioned values.
There would be a specific common area for waste management, composting and a workshop for the re-use/recycling of various equipment. There is also a common laundry area, social club or living area. Playground, accessible children’s playground and adapted sports area.
This project is designed to be carried out, between the sea and the mountains, somewhere in the so-called region of Alacantí (Busot, El Campello, Aigues, Alicante, Agost, Jijona, Mutxamel, San Juan de Alicante, San vicente or Torremanzanas), accessible and with all the public services needed, from the circular economy, self-sufficiency, and the least environmental impact and the lowest environmental impact.
All this is seen from a social perspective of intergenerational coexistence, mutual support, accessibility for people with disabilities and/or dependency and solidarity, respecting the private spaces of each unit of coexistence.
Thе Eаrth hаѕ nоt bееn саllеd the “Bluе Plаnt” without a gооd rеаѕоn. Nеаrlу thrее-ԛuаrtеrѕ оf thе рlаnt соvеrеd in wаtеr, ѕо it iѕ оnlу nаturаl thаt the search for a сlеаn, rеnеwаblе ѕоurсе оf еnеrgу ѕhоuld lеаd uѕ tо thе осеаnѕ аrоund uѕ. Using thе роtеntiаl еnеrgу ѕtоrеd in thе oceans аnd ѕеаѕ tо gеnеrаtе еlесtriсitу еnѕurеѕ thаt роwеr being рrоduсеd will bе роllutiоn frее.
We would like to introduce you Arrecife Energy Systems, they capture the wave’s power and transform it into electricity.
The Arrecife Project was born thanks to the research of the PhD Professor José Javier Doria in the field of fluid mechanics for more than 25 years.
What began as a study, finally became a long research that has had great results in other fields. Prof. Doria observed that the small living corals occupy vast expanses, forming a reef capable of absorbing much of the energy of the waves in an efficient way. This led to the idea of creating serially placed direct-action turbines, composed of many blades that simulate a coral reef.
• First operating system through turbines.
• Obtains energy from waves, currents and tidal flows.
• It is a completely free source of energy. As long as we have waves we can capture their energy
• According to estimations, the benefits coming from the use of wave energy can be way higher than the ones derived from wind and sun.
• Waves concentrate a greater power compared to other renewable energy sources. Also, their power density is higher than the one coming from wind.
Fossil fuel, biomass, and waste burning power plants
In the United States, about 67% of total electricity generation in 2016 was produced from: fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum), materials that come from plants (biomass), and municipal and industrial wastes.
Emissions that result from combustion of these fuels include:
• Carbon dioxide (CO2)
• Carbon monoxide (CO)
• Sulfur dioxide (SO2)
• Nitrogen oxides (NOx)
• Particulate matter (PM)
• Heavy metals such as mercury
Nearly all combustion byproducts have negative effects on the environment and human health:
• CO2 is a greenhouse gas, and it contributes to the greenhouse effect.
• SO2 causes acid rain, which is harmful to plants and to animals that live in water. SO2 also worsens respiratory illnesses and heart diseases, particularly in children and the elderly.
ARRECIFE´S TECHNOLOGY, aims to simulate the natural behaviour of a coral reef, an ecosystem that functions as a natural barrier against waves.
Following the example of other successful systems such as hydraulic energy or wind energy, Arrecife works with turbines too. It is provided with cross flow turbines that get activated by the waves. The system opposes the strength of the waves creating resistance and absorbing large part of its energy.
We Care Solar is a program that helps mothers give a birth in good healthcare facilities with better power and lighting to save newborn babies in the world. They intend to give better electricity in order to make sure that pregnant women will give a birth comfortably with enough lighting. As we know that most of developing countries do not have enough power, especially for the communities who live in villages or isolated areas.
So, We Care Solar gives the best solution to facilitate a good healthcare with better electricity and make it brighter so doctors will easily handle patients, especially women who are going to give a birth in local healthcare facilities. It is not easy to do medical checkup at night because there is no sufficient lighting. In this case, doctors also doubt whether he conduct a delivery well with this dark condition. Therefore, We Care Solar has the initiative to provide better lighting for the doctors who are going to conduct a delivery as well as support their medical tools which need power.
In addition, We Care Solar also works with some leading healthcare organizations to provide better health treatment for many communities in rural areas so that the health works will be more effective, fast, and timely in servicing their patients.
How do they provide electricity? Simply, We Care Solar will provide Solar Suitcases for many healthcare facilities in some developing countries. In fact, any people can also give some donation if they want to give Solar Suitcase to a certain clinic in other different areas. Later on, the Solar Suitcase will be installed and then it will support some medical tools which need electricity.
Is this program effective enough? Of course, there are more than 2000 Solar Suitcases that have been installed in some healthcare facilities in many different locations. This program has already helped more than ten thousands health workers and 1,5 million mothers who gave a birth to newborn babies.
A consortium in Netherlands design a methodology for energy efficiency in business parks in Deventer. Using wind turbines, solar panels and biomass CHP plants to line up energy supply and demand.
Smart energy systems aid to the growing amount of renewable energy into the energy system. During 5 years (2011 – 2016), 12 experimental gardens in the Netherlands experimented with smart grids within the Intelligent Networks Innovation Program (IPIN). The Rijksdienst voor Ondernemende Nederland contributes to the dissemination of knowledge scaling up in the sharing experiences.
Smart grids bring reliability, cost savings, and energy independence it among others benefit all companies in a business park. Combining information technology with power transmission, ICT, organization, legal, economic and coordination between the participating businesses was the system of the Modienet method.
This method consists in the use of Smart grid that can be adapted to the requirements of the stakeholders and energy demand. The goal is the development of a modular smart grid for a new, energy-neutral business park based on smart power grids.
The Netherlands Enterprise Agency conceded the project for the ministry of Economic Affairs. Over the past years, twelve different pilot projects have 4 learning knowledges with new technologies, partnerships, and methods. The pilot stage has now been finished, but most of the projects will continue.
The 12 experimental gardens were very nice results, but we are not yet there. In the position papers of IPIN are the subjects that still require attention, such as developing:
New products and services (responsive to changing roles of energy users)
Appropriate laws and regulations (other rules of play)
New tariff structures (market model based on flexible energy supply)
From time to time, most countries have been using energy sources like crude oil, coal, and natural gas. Unfortunately, these all are non-renewable energy. So, we will run out of them anytime soon. Due to this issue, some nations begin to search for other alternatives, which is sustainable energy.
The sustainable energy definition
Is the energy production which is responsible to fulfill our energy needs in present without affecting the supply in the future. That will allow the next generation to be able to use the energy as much as they need.
There are several types of sustainable resources we can use. Those are water, wind, solar, geothermal energy, artificial photosynthesis, and many more. We can use all of the resources as a power plant. Most of them can be applied as a green energy which will not harm our environment.
Although they all are renewable energy, each of them has their own way of management. For example, we make use of wind to activate a windmill to produce electricity. If you want to learn more about it, then you can take a sustainable energy management program. This program will introduce students to the variant of energy resources. Moreover, they will learn about other things like the quality and quantity of various potential resources, the impacts on the environment, security, and so on.
This program is expected to make better sustainable energy development.
As we know, not many countries use such energy. However, there have been several of them which start to study solar energy solutions for more reliable energy.
It will be better if we all can begin to use this energy as soon as possible. Let us tell you some reasons why it has to be that way. First, the fossil energy sources are getting depleted. Second, the overpopulation issue increases the needs for energy. Last, the use of non-renewable source has developed climate change to Earth.
The other importance of it is that it can give us a lot of benefits. That includes no global warming, environmental quality, and public health improvement, inexhaustible energy, and more stable energy prices.
Due to the importance and benefits of it, there have been some organizations intend to help to introduce renewable energy worldwide. One of them is Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL). They have so many sustainable projects that can help the Less-favoured communities and their mission is to give more energy access to people who have none at all. With such organization, we can expect to see a better life quality in both present and future.
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