Development and planning issues, which affect both rural and urban areas, are present in all areas of the world. The acceleration of urbanization has led to environmental degradation and loss of quality of life. Urban development can also worsen the problems faced by rural areas, such as forests, mountainous regions, coastal areas and many others. Taking into account the interaction between different regions and developing new methodologies for monitoring, planning and implementing innovative strategies can offer solutions to mitigate environmental pollution and unsustainable use of available resources.
Planners, environmentalists, architects, engineers, policymakers, and economists need to work together to ensure that planning and sustainable development can meet our current needs without compromising the capacity of future generations.
Energy-saving and environmentally friendly construction approaches have become an important part of modern development, with particular emphasis on optimizing resources. Planning plays a key role in ensuring that these solutions, as well as new materials and processes, are incorporated as efficiently as possible.
The Sustainable Development and Planning 2018 conference will bring together academics, policy makers, practitioners and other stakeholders from around the world to discuss the latest developments in this field. The conference will discuss new academic findings and their application to planning and development strategies, assessment tools and decision-making processes.
Some of the Conference Topics
The following list covers some of the topics to be presented at the conference.
Amazing initiative to take action against food waste…
Olioex is the food sharing platform that will connect you to your neighbors and nearby restaurants to help prevent wastage of food. You can easily share your food with those who want it and avoid food waste. It is the perfect food waste solution that will allow us to protect our environment and deserving individuals will never sleep on an empty stomach.
Food waste is the 3rd largest cause of the production of greenhouse gases in the world.
About 1/3 of the food items goes to waste every year because no one wants to eat them.
Half of the food waste comes from the house in all the developed countries.
Food waste is the biggest issue of the present age. In the developed countries we are wasting a reasonable amount of food that can be used to serve hundreds of individuals in the underdeveloped countries. We know that the food in our house cannot reach the poor of the underdeveloped countries. However, there are several homeless individuals around us who have to sleep on an empty stomach because they did not find a job today or the owner did not pay them. There is a lot of food in our fridge that we know will go into the dustbin because no one is interested in having it.
Healthy and nutritious food that is wasted can feed some 2 billion people, more than twice the number of undernourished people in the world, according to data from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Losses occur throughout the production chain: discarded in production and harvest, also during processing and packaging, destroyed during transport, thrown away by supermarkets, restaurants and then the consumer.
Olioex has introduced the perfect food waste solution. It is the technological application that will help the individuals to connect with each other and nearby food cafes and restaurants. There are many families who do not have food and they will try to visit the nearby dustbin to find any wasted food items. Olioex is providing all the homeless and poor families a facility to have a decent dinner. It will connect you with your neighbors and cafes who have some extra food available that they will throw in the waste. Do not let them waste it and go get the perfect meal before it reaches the dustbin.
Olioex will help the individuals to have a healthy meal every night. There are many children and adults who are malnutrition because they do not get a proper meal. This is the reason they suffer from deadly diseases. However, the Olioex will help you have a proper meal so that you will not have to deal with any dangerous diseases. It will reduce the rate of individuals getting sick. In this way, the lifespan of the individuals will increase. It will help mothers to assure that they will give their children a proper meal. As well as the families giving away food will have the peace of mind that their food items are serving someone instead of going into the dustbin.
Olioex will not only help the poor individuals but also the planet. It will help in the reduction of food waste that happens because of the house and restaurant food waste. In this way, the harmful gases and chemicals produced by wasted food will be reduced. Insects like flies and mosquitoes lay eggs on wasted food. They will not find waste to lay their eggs on and it will protect the society for dangerous diseases.
Olioex food waste solutions will help protect the environment in the best way. It is important for us to engage in this healthy activity and protect ourselves and our planet.
Tipa-crop is a recently introduced company that which has launched its latest collection of Sustainable packaging. They claim that their packaging is more sustainable and will help protect the environment for the plastic waste and the damage done with it. Here we have everything you need to know about the compostable packaging.
Flexible packaging uses lest plastic but 95% of the packages available cannot be recycled due to which they are added to the plastic waste
With the help of compostable packaging, we can easily reduce the plastic waste and protect our environment.
Plastic pollution is the biggest issue in the present age. 311 billion kilos of plastic waste is produced every year due to which the plastic pollution has reached an alarming condition. If we are not able to stop the increasing pollution, the extinction rate of the wildlife and aquatic life will increase. It has been estimated that if we will not control the condition by 2025 there will 20 times more plastic in the oceans and landfills. You will be surprised to know that only 9% of the plastic waste is recycled.
Tipa-corp has the perfect solution in the form of Sustainable packaging. It is a beneficial product because it will allow us to control the rapidly increasing plastic waste. The packaging is flexible that will allow us to use the item several times as well as it can be disposed of in the food grade waste which means that it is easy to recycle. The packaging is manufactured with the compostable material that will allow you to protect the environment and animals. The compostable packaging looks and feels like plastic but the only difference is that it is completely compostable, which means there will be no waste.
“Sustainability is not only absolutely necessary, given the health of the planet, companies are behind schedule to take responsibility”, we cannot wait for governments. Companies have to lead the way.
The food you will keep in the Sustainable packaging will remain fresh. It means that you can easily prepare and store the food items for as long as you like. You can use the items packed in Tipa packing for cook because there is no BPA in the plastic. You can easily discard the packages in the curbside because it will not be included in the plastic waste. The best thing about the compostable packaging is that they are lightweight and easy to transport. It will give you the peace of mind that you are playing your part to protect the environment.
The Compostable packaging will not only help the people but also the environment. The Sustainable packaging will be sent directly to the local urban compositing facility that will make easier to recycle waste material. After a few months, the Sustainable packaging will grow into a new plant from the 100% pure compost that has been used in its manufacturing. It means that by using the Tipa-corp packaging you will help to increase the greenery in the world. When the plastic waste in the oceans and landfills will be controlled it will help to save the life of millions of animals, fish, and birds.
There are thousands of birds and fish killed every year because of the plastic they consume from the waste. We need to take the important step and start using Sustainable packaging to protect our planet and our self.
Environmentalists today are working hard to make Planet Earth a zero waste planet. But will their hard work formalize into reality?
Will they ever be able to achieve their dream, especially when millions of people do not have any awareness on how to smartly manage their waste?
Zero waste living is a noble idea and one that requires everyone to participate. It means contributing nothing to landfill, reducing what we need, reusing things as much as we can, spend as little as possible to be recycled, and convert garbage into compost.
Zero waste lifestyle requires that we completely redefine the system. Today we live in a linear economy where we consume resources from the earth and then dump them all the waste into a giant hole in the ground. Going zero waste is about making the shift to a circular economy where we do away with the idea of trash by coming back to nature where there is no trash and everything is usable. In the circular economy, we do not discard resources, but we create a system where all the resources can be brought back fully into the system.
Producing less trash, eliminating demand for wasteful products, replacing plastics bags with reusable cloth bags, using less paper, recycling electronics and converting food waste and biodegradable materials into compost can help us in reducing our trash and carbon footprint on Planet Earth.
Lauren Singer, an environmental activist, blogger, and entrepreneur has switched to Zero Waste lifestyle in New York City. She has been on this journey since 2012. She documents her journey on Trash is for Tossers – a blog that shows how leading a Zero Waste lifestyle is simple, timely, fun, cost-effective, timely and entirely possible for every person.
Para nadie es un secreto que vivimos en una sociedad de consumo en todas las esferas, lo cual implica un grave deterioro de nuestro planeta a través de la contaminación del mar, de los ríos, de la tierra y de todo lo bonito que aún nos queda. Hay muchísimos factores que intervienen aquí, pero claramente, uno de los más implacables es la contaminación del plástico aunque tenga un disfraz demasiado bondadoso.
Así que hoy hablaremos de una excelente y enorme iniciativa de un pueblo en Guatemala, cuya acción deja una huella importante para el ambiente y que si todos replicamos estas acciones puedemos cambiar al mundo entero.
San Pedro La Laguna
Es un pueblo pequeño, mejor dicho, un municipio ubicado al sur de Guatemala que no supera los 24 km2 y con unos pocos habitantes que decidieron decirle “Hasta nunca” a la contaminación del plástico. San Pedro La Laguna no se jacta de avances tecnológicos, sociales, políticos y mucho menos industriales como sí lo hacen la mayoría de los países. Aquí al contrario en medio de lo simple, lo ancestral, y lo natural ellos mantienen armonía con el planeta… cualquiera podría decir que un país de América Latina, no tiene nada que aportar al modelo social que va en contra del consumo, sin embargo, San Pedro La Laguna ya demostró lo contrario.
Un plan extraordinario para combatir la contaminación del plastico
Los habitantes de este municipio hicieron sistemas de organización para detectar que el problema más grande que afecta al mundo es la contaminación del plástico, y que ellos no hacían la diferencia. Están rodeados de un hermoso lago que sufría los azotes de la contaminación: pensaron en generaciones futuras, pensaron en que terminaban con la vida de maravillosos seres acuáticos, pensaron en la desaparición de su pueblo por acciones que ellos mismos generaban con algo tan innecesario como los envases o las bolsas de de plástico, y decidieron cambiar como en realidad todos debemos hacerlo.
Implementaron leyes que prohíben drásticamente el uso de plástico, lo cual los obligó a tomar vías de escape: En primer lugar limpiar toda la basura que había en su lago y en su tierra, se conoce que retiran más de 500 sacos por año y en segundo lugar, abrieron paso a la artesanía para continuar su diario vivir normalmente: servilletas de tela, canastas de paja, hojas de plátano para conservar alimentos frescos lo cual es muy positivo porque genera fuentes de producción, eso sin contar el arduo trabajo de reciclaje y recolección de desechos que tienen.
Sin dudarlo, San Pedro La Laguna se levanta como voz e inspiración para Guatemala y todos los hermosos países en América Latina. Un pequeño pueblo (insignificante y desconocido para muchos) apuesta por la transformación del mundo, y más que la transformación, apuesta por su renovación y la sostenibilidad.
Aunque ellos no son los únicos, son pioneros de una gran lección que todos deberíamos aprender: dejar de vociferar el importante cambio y tomar en serio esa acción contraria a la contaminación del plástico, pues sólo de esa manera el mundo donde habitamos estará bien para nosotros y las generaciones futuras.
Circular economics is a recent economic model that has emerged as a response to the new needs of society and our planet.
These needs have arisen because of the continuous use of a linear economic model, which has been developing since the industrial revolution, with which it has reached a point where there are no longer enough resources to extract, and through which we are contaminating the planet more and more.
Circular economy, as effective path and solution to these problems, proposes a series of changes, such as the reuse of waste to manufacture new products or the manufacture of products that are long lasting in time so as to generate the least possible residues in the slower and more moderate way.
Increasingly, more and more industries are getting involved with the cause and are beginning to be involved in this change.
The Lazaro Project Association is a clear example of a circular economy model in the textile sector. This organization was founded in 1994 in Alicante, Spain. The objective of this initiative works through economic and social management, recycling and reuse of solid urban waste.
By 2017, the emission of almost 200,000 kg of CO2 into the atmosphere has been avoided.
Every kilogram of clothes that is reused and not incinerated avoids the emission of 3.17 kg of CO2.
European textile companies barely recycle a fifth of the clothing (20%) they generate. According to Greenpeace’s latest report, Fashion at the croos road, 80% of clothes consumed in the European Union have no outlet, either for a second life or to enter into recycling processes. The environmental consequences of this textile explosion cannot be resolved in the short term. This industry is the second most polluting in the world. Despite the fact that large companies have eliminated many hazardous chemical elements from their factories, their production accounts for 3% of the world’s carbon dioxide, some 850 million tons.
4000 tons of textile waste turned into solidarity.
This activity is designed and managed as a production structure, whose process consists of the collection of textile waste, household goods and bulky items in different municipalities of the province of Alicante, for subsequent selection, reuse and sale in the various second-hand shops located in the cities of Alicante, Elche and Villajoyosa.
It is estimated that 12% is the one capable of taking to the end of the recovery cycle, 54% is the one that is recovered through other social entities, 18% is recycled with specialized entities and only 16% is disposed to incinerators.
From the outset, they have been clear that all the clothes people no longer wear could at all costs prevent them from ending up in a landfill. Not only that, but they also realized that textiles, along with other items destined for garbage, could become a way of promoting social projects.
Lázaro Project is framed in two fundamental axes: social and environmental work.
The management of textile waste brings great social benefits. The Lazaro Project contributes to the creation of green jobs and the social economy by promoting the creation of inclusive, stable and quality jobs.
The reuse and recycling of textiles favours efficient use of resources, environmental protection and the fight against climate change. They reduce waste in controlled landfills and incineration plants, as well as the emission of greenhouse gases. Every kilogram of clothing that is reused and not incinerated prevents the emission of 3,169 kg of CO2, according to data from the European Commission.
The 18,281 tons collected in Spain in 2017 therefore represents a saving of 57,934 tons of CO2 to the atmosphere. They are equivalent to the annual emission of 21,760 cars (circulating 15,000 km annually) or the annual carbon dioxide uptake of 432,349 trees.
Among other things, car tyres, synthetic clothing and even tea bags contain microplastics.
The problem with any kind of plastic is that it eventually becomes tiny but never disappears completely. In the oceans even the largest and most stubborn pieces of plastic are broken down by the waves and sunlight until they are smaller than five millimetres in diameter – about the size of an ant. At that time, they are classified as’ secondary microplastics’. This type of plastic, which was once a drinking bottle, equipment for fishing, disposable cutlery and so on, is even more common than’ primary microplastics’, which were small from the outset, such as the micrograins contained in toothpaste.
Micrograins are the best known cause of contamination by small pieces of plastic. But that also means that there are other, less obvious sources for microplastics in everyday life. We call them ‘hidden microplastics’, and they fall within this category:
Car tyres are made of rubber and approximately 60% plastic (styrene-butadiene). The friction, pressure and heat caused by driving, the tyres wear out so hard that plastic dust is formed. Blowing that dust into the atmosphere can contribute to poor air quality. This is seen by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as a cause of premature death.
The dust can also flush to rivers and oceans via sewers. It will probably be eaten there by filtering animals such as mussels, which will end up in our food chain. The industry could go back to natural rubber rubber latex, but that would put too much pressure on the environment: growing rubber plantations are already a catastrophe for endangered species in South East Asia.
Outdoor sports equipment, leggings, fleeces and sweaters made of acrylic, polyester, polyamide, spandex or nylon release up to 700,000 microfibres per wash. And once they end up in the water, it is difficult to filter them out again. More still, research has shown that in many countries the tap water now contains microfibres.
In the USA, for example, 94% of the steel microfibres contained. They end up in the air because of friction or as dust from the dryer and can then be inhaled. It is also suspected that the lungs can absorb the toxins in the fibres. In nature, the microfibres are eaten by fish and other animals, which prefer them to’ real’ food. A solution can be to provide all washing machines with filters and to choose natural fibres.
The fluffy exterior is made of PET (polyethylene terephthalate), the same material that plastic milk bottles are made of. Just like car tires, the plastic is worn away by use, making it dusty.
Pods or tablets for dishwasher or washing machine
All kinds of detergents and abrasive disinfectants contain microplastics such as polyethylene (PE) or polypropylene (PP), the same granules banned in cosmetics in France and the United Kingdom. It would be better to use a natural material, such as ground coconut shells.
The filters are made from cellulose acetate, a type of plastic that is not biodegradable. They can emit microfibres and, when used, they also emit large quantities of toxins, including nicotine. Cigarette butts are a major polluter in the oceans and are most frequently collected when cleaning up beaches.
Glitter is a favourite part of craft lessons, but not innocent. It is made from PET or polyvinyl chloride film (PVC) and is very difficult to break down. Instead, you could use glitter of biodegradable film made from eucalyptus.
All these products are usually made from polyester, polyethylene and polypropylene – or from a mixture of these plastics and natural fibres. They cause so-called “fat mountains” that block sewers and are not broken down. They are also a source of plastic microfibres. A traditional flannel version made entirely of cotton is an environmentally friendly solution.
Many tea bags are not fully biodegradable because they include a polypropylene “skeleton”. This skeleton then breaks down into tiny particles when the paper is decomposed in the compost heap or soil. Ask the producer if your tea is free of plastic, or switch to loose tea.
Plastic dust from thermoplastic paint used for road markings, ships and houses is spread over the ocean surface. Fortunately not all paint contains plastic: go looking for paint with linseed oil or latex as a binding agent.
Paper cups are coated on the inside with a layer of polyethylene. Just like tea bags, the paper is completely broken down, but the plastic falls apart when the cup is thrown away or composted. Such mixed materials must therefore be treated by a specialised recycling company. You can also always bring a refillable bag.
According to the Plastic Soup Foundation, 311 million tonnes of new plastic are currently being produced each year. Approximately half is for single use and is thrown away immediately. Most plastics are not biodegradable. We neet to combat plastic pollution in the ocean becouse is growing at an appalling rate. Plastic production is expected to increase enormously in the coming years as the world population and economy continues to grow.
Watch this this documentary shot on more than 20 locations. Explorers Craig Leeson and Tanya Streeter and a team of international scientists reveal the causes and consequences of plastic pollution and share solutions.
Plastic Bank is one of the most popular programs that was first found in 2013 by David Katz & Shaun Frankson to give a solution to stop ocean plastic. Plastic Bank has a mission to stop Ocean Plastic by inviting many people to earn money by collecting some waste from the ocean to clean up the sea. Plastic Bank has a hope to get rid of plastic garbage from the ocean and save the sea species life from contamination.
As we know that our ocean today is no longer clean because of plastic bags which are floating on the sea and kill many sea species. Everybody must take responsibility to clean up the ocean from plastic garbage. In this case, Plastic Bank will try to facilitate the people to collect some garbage from the ocean and make some money from the waste.
Do you want to get some extra income while saving our environment too? Fortunately, you are able to join this Plastic Bank program and you can also invite others to do the same and earn some money from collecting some plastic waste. Nowadays, there are about one million people who support this program and you can even find this Plastic Bank solution on social media networks. This can be the best way to reduce plastic pollution in the ocean and find the value in the waste found where you can send the plastic garbage to collectors.
Plastic Bank is not only helping the environment, but they also save the life of sea species so that they can regenerate and have a better ecosystem. Now, it is our turn to be aware of our ocean condition for a better environment. In addition, it is also will be very beneficial for the human health and it also gives a beauty value and makes our world look wonderful again. Plastic Bank will never stop this program until the ocean is clean totally and they also invite people for not littering and care about the environment more.
Inhambane is a province of Mozambique located on the south coast of the country.
Health-care Key facts: Of the total volume of waste generated by health-care activities, the 85% is overall. The remaining 15% is measured unsafe material that may be infectious, lethal or radioactive. Every year an estimated 16 billion injections are managed worldwide, but not all of the needles and syringes are appropriately disposed of afterwards. Health-care waste holds potentially harmful microorganisms, which can contaminate hospital patients, health workers and the general community. In some situations is incinerated, and dioxins, furans and other poisonous air pollutants may be shaped as emissions.
The main objective of this project was to improve the environmental quality and the hospital waste management system in the province of Inhambane designing a protocol for the management of hospital waste from working sessions with local technicians and experts in the field. Also the design and construction of waste management modules in 4 hospital centers and the recruitment of hospital facilities in both the Protocol and the use of the modules.
According to the NGOPlastic Oceans the propagation of plastic products in the last 70 years has been surprising. We are now producing closely 300 million tons of plastic every year, half of which is for single use. More than 8 million tons of plastic is dumped into our oceans every year.
The initiative that aims to end with the ocean waste is called The Ocean Clean Up. They are like barriers (large) that prevent floating debris from following the natural course of global marine currents. Placed in strategic points, these barriers would capture a large part of the floating matter that passes through where there is one of these.
The Ocean Clean Up technology will be able to block and catch plastic trash on the sea meanwhile the pipe is also able to follow the wave stream in the form of U-shape. Once there some plastics caught by the floater, and then a vessel of the Ocean Clean Up will come and take the whole trash using a pump and belt.
After cleaning up the trash from the sea surface, it will save the sea species from danger. Meanwhile, the plastic garbage will be collected and then it will be recycled to be converted into high-quality products such as chairs, cell phone, car bumper, toys, sunglasses, and much more.
They currently have a prototype installed in the North Pacific. The operational design, however, is believed to be operational until the mid-2018.
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